Read, in order to live! "a history of reading" Alberto Manguel By Thomas Anz Discussed B?er... This after its appearance also right much praised book is the work of a universal scholar and a highly gifted Erz?ers at the same time. It is not spr? History of reading from the Anf?en to the present, but a artful through-composed accumulation of stories. It moves between completely different times and cultures back and forth and umfa? not least the very pers?iche Leserbiographie of the author. The book simulates thereby the act of reading. The theories dar?r, how this act functions, have their own history. Manguel erz?t also it. Differently than it Empedokles and Aristoteles introduced themselves, are reading, how neurolinguistic research showed in the meantime, no flie?nder Proze? with that the eyes the lines continuously follow. Approximately one century ago the franz?sche optician discovered?ile Javal, da?der view on the page around-jumped. "over the plotting system a message to infer", companies? Manguel together, "n?re I it zun?st itself in rather precipitous way, with wildly to around-twitch eye movements, then I reconstruct myself the character code, by letting him go through a chain of groups of neurons, depending upon kind of the Lekt? differently builds, and I the f?e in such a way developing text up - with emotions, feelings, intuitions, knowledge, soul -, and everything h?t of it off who I am and became as I that, which is I." To illustrate something from this Proze?versucht the composition of the book copying. The first chapter tr? paradoxically "the last side"?erschrift, and here the author erz?t evenly of it how he became that, which is he. The 1948 in Buenos Aires born Manguel grown up in England is Canadian Staatsb?er. It lived and worked in Paris, Milan, London and Toronto, was a publisher's reader, lecturer, more?ersetzer (in English, Spanish and Franz?), wrote essays, kurzgeschichten and a novel ("in the sieved circle", 1991), which was?rsetzt into several languages. A at home found this child to a little se?aften diplomat family in the literature. Without larmoyante Untert? do the auto+biographic portions of the book let da?die search for the Gl see through? during the reading also a leidensgeschichte for condition has. Reading gave "?r me verh?ten however its a sense, because after the R?kehr to Argentina in the year 1955 spent I mean whole childhood from the family separately, cared for from the Kinderm?hen in a remote part of the house [... ] I cannot not remember itself to have ever been lonely. Rather it was like that, da?ich the plays and Gespr?e of the children, with whom I met rarely enough, found far less exciting than the adventures and Gespr?e in my B?ern." In the history of each individual reader repeats itself somewhat from the collective history of reading mankind. A F?e of aspects opens itself there: The Proze?des of read learning, the shifts from the loud to the quiet, from the joint to lonely reading, the K?erhaltung of the reading or the places of reading, the history of the paper, the writing and the book organization, the organization of the knowledge in libraries, the Metaphorik of reading, which appears the whole world as book, the prestige of the book as indications of as it were g?licher wisdom, B?erverbote and B?erverbrennungen - of it and?r much more gives rich Ausk?te to Manguel. The affectionately illustrated book, with which the author teaches besides a reading from pictures, is above all also a find pit of marvelously descriptive quotations and anecdotes. Which has to do for example the history of reading with the history from sex differences to, the following warning of a medieval moralists documents: "it sends itself does not f?M?hen to learn vintages and letters if it not nuns to become to want, there it otherwise received from a certain age love letters write and k?ten." If Manguel comes to speak on the places of reading in free nature or in the house, he is written as it were in the Vor?rgehen a small history of the bedroom, only in 19. Century to a private Refugium of the peace developed. In a time, in which the bedroom was still scene of social and informal rituals, a franz?scher P?goge warned: "it is deeply immorally and perishable, in bed m?g too plaudern or too t?eln". And f?die entire Christianity formulated it the behaviour rule: "it does not do to certain persons after, who read there and other things drive; stop you only in bed, if it sleeps serves, and your virtue will have of it the use." In the chapter "B?er steal" erz?t Manguel, that were not unquestioned from turning the B?erleidenschaft over to criminal energies?r the 1803 in Florenz born counts Libri, one "the gr?en B?erdiebe of all times". The history of the "Bibliokleptomanie" is as old as those of the book. The B?erdiebe could not be held also from threats, as she expressed an inscription in the library of the monastery San Pedro in Barcelona: "who steals B?er or lent B?er zur?beh?, into its hand the book is to transform into a rei?nde queue. The Schlagfu?soll it meet and all its members l?en. Loud crying it is around grace winseln, and its agonies are not to be gelindert, to it in decay?rgeht." Manguels book is a Pl?yer f?das Plaudern. The "chitchat appears to me still today as one of the most exciting methods to talk?r B?er." Descriptiveness is more important to this friend of all reading than abstract theory. Theory lot is this book however not. At the appointments to Borges, which the young Manguel a time served long as Vorleser, to Umberto Eco, Roland Barthes, Jacques Derrida or Paul de Man points itself the intellectual surrounding field, from which it comes. It corresponds to it, more da?dieser gro? Lover of reading and the book by any means as nostalgic Ver?ter of new media does not geriert itself. "it is interesting, how often a technological progress it?erkommenen instead of it lends to us to verdr?en, rather new impulses and attractions bewu? makes, which we fr?r?rsehen or not f?wesentlich judges h?en. [... ] who regards the progress of the computer engineering as b?erfeindliches devil work (as for instance Sven Birkerts in its dramatically called Gutenberg Elegien), huldigt nostalgia at expense of the experience." The spreading of the writing has the m?liche Verst?igung does not eliminate k?en, the pressure art not the handwriting. And in such a way the electronic media will not replace the book. Manguel dekonstruiert also otherwise gladly dichotomizing thought pattern and value hierarchies. The distinctions of science and Erz?ung, gel honouring SAMNESS and maintenance, text and picture, correct and wrong Lesarten become of him exactly the same up gel? as that alleged contrast, on which this book comes to speak again and again: between vintages and lives. "read to live over." This request Flauberts is one the Motti, which Manguels book used up itself.